Written by
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Zoological Society of London

31 July 2020

On World Ranger Day, New Alliance Announces Action Plan to Develop Global Welfare Standards and Code of Conduct for Rangers.

A group of international conservation organisations, including ZSL, have formed the Universal Ranger Support Alliance (URSA) which will deliver a “new deal” for wildlife rangers including Global Welfare Standards and a Code of Conduct. 

“The roles of wildlife rangers are undervalued, under-supported and underappreciated, even though rangers play a critical role in addressing the twin crises of biodiversity loss and climate change,” said Mike Appleton, vice chair for capacity development in the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas and Global Wildlife Conservation’s director of protected area management. “Not only do they prevent habitat and ecosystem destruction, but they prevent zoonotic spillovers and pandemics, pollution, and the kinds of fires we are seeing burn bigger and hotter each year.”

URSA is a coalition of eight international conservation groups and is the first of its kind in support of rangers. The action plan, launched today, July 31, on World Ranger Day, is a response to, and will help implement, the Chitwan Declaration, a declaration endorsed by more than 550 rangers from 70 countries at the International Ranger Federation (IRF) World Ranger Congress in 2019. The Chitwan Declaration called on NGOs and other conservation groups to act on a detailed list of needs and priorities for rangers. Much of the evidence for these needs came directly from rangers, including the more than 7,000 rangers from 28 countries who contributed to a global survey.

The global community is asking rangers to protect 30 percent of the planet from poaching, habitat destruction and other threats to the ecosystems that keep the planet healthy. Rangers are currently on the frontline of the COVID-19 emergency, and are the key to safeguard the ways of life of people whose lives and cultures are inseparable from nature. They take on a myriad of roles: environmental scientist, tour guide, firefighter, law enforcement officer, political ambassador, community liaison, teacher, first aid responder, communications specialist, land manager, sociologist, historian, moderator, building manager and the list goes on.

Female ranger smiling
© Rohit Singh/WWF

Despite their critical profession, rangers work without adequate pay, often without suitable contracts, equipment, training or insurance. There are no standards of competence, performance and conduct for rangers, which can lead to inefficiencies, ineffectiveness, danger to the rangers themselves, and in some cases, corruption and misconduct. The Thin Green Line Foundation and the IRF this week released its annual Roll of Honour of rangers who have fallen in the line of duty, which this year totaled 137 rangers. 

“Rangers work in very remote and difficult working environments, endangering their lives to protect the world’s wildlife and natural resources,” said Chris Galliers, president of the IRF. “We are committed to bringing about universal and lasting change for the ranger profession, to ensure rangers have the resources needed to safeguard the world’s wildlife and protected areas. Local and indigenous community livelihoods and wellbeing are intrinsically linked to the health of nature, so supporting rangers in turn also helps strengthen communities.”

URSA’s vision is a network of well-supported, professionally competent, mandated, motivated and representative rangers working effectively as custodians of biodiversity and the life systems upon which all life depends. Through the action plan, URSA aims to enable and advocate for better training, support, safety and equality for rangers; to support their work in building trusted relationships with communities; and to generate a greater recognition of the critical value of their work. 

Through its action plan, URSA aims to address these specific needs:

  • Better pay, working conditions and equipment 

Many rangers do their jobs without proper pay, contracts, equipment or insurance - often in dangerous environments.

  • Better opportunities for training and learning

The work expected from rangers is varied and highly skilled. Yet around half feel that they are inadequately trained. 

  • More trust and accountability 

Rangers need to treat people fairly and to strictly observe the law and the rights of others; they need robust guidance and leadership.

  • Fairer employment opportunities and conditions 

There are currently not nearly enough rangers to do the enormous job required of them, so creating more jobs is a priority.

  • Better representation and advocacy

While the IRF is the global professional body for rangers, many rangers remain unrepresented. URSA will work to empower national ranger associations.

"Public servants engaged in wildlife protection help combat the trafficking in animals, which can help to prevent the spread of zoonotic diseases like COVID-19,” said Carlos R. Carrión-Crespo, sector specialist for Public Service and Utilities at the International Labour Organization. “In the ILO, we care that they have the proper tools and working conditions to carry out their work. The ILO has adopted recommendations that protect their rights to join workers’ organizations and participate in collective bargaining, their civil and political rights, as well as provisions to ensure good housing conditions, welfare facilities, decent working hours, good and timely wages, and, in 2019, against violence and harassment in the workplace. When governments respect these protections, they improve wildlife services.”

Statement from ZSL:

ZSL is proud to be part of the Universal Ranger Support Alliance (URSA) and we recognise the vital contribution of rangers to wildlife conservation. If the international community is to protect 30% of the world's surface, and the millions of species that live within protected areas, we can't do it without them.

We also recognise that things must change. The working conditions of many rangers are poor. The current workforce lacks diversity and opportunity, and cooperation between some rangers and the communities they work alongside has broken down. Of over 7,000 rangers surveyed nearly 60% fear for their safety when exposing corruption, just 42% have insurance against injury, and over 20% believe that communities don’t trust them. 

URSA is an important step to addressing these and other concerns. The Action Plan announced today sets out a clear and achievable roadmap. By working with professional ranger federations, the Alliance and its members will support those on the front line of conservation in a new way of working that benefits indigenous peoples and local communities, rangers, and the wildlife they are tasked to preserve.

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