ZSL has published the National Red List of Nepal's Birds, a full account of the conservation status of all of Nepal's Birds.
Effective conservation of species and their habitat in Nepal is critical to ensuring a healthy intact ecosystem at national and regional levels for future generations.
The National Red List of Nepal’s Birds is part of the larger ongoing National Red Lists of Nepal, a collaborative project between the Government of Nepal and several conservation organizations.
The ‘IUCN Red List of Threatened Species’ is internationally recognised as the world’s most authoritative and objective inventory for classifying species’ extinction risk. However, as Red List conservation assessments are made at the global scale, it is not always possible to integrate the information into conservation planning and priority-setting at the national level, where most conservation policies are implemented. Therefore the need for national level species conservation risk assessment was identified and the promotion and production of which was discussed by members of several organisations.
The National Red List of Nepal’s birds defines the status, trends and threats to Nepal’s bird species in order to prioritize and catalyse action for bird conservation in Nepal. The completion of the National Red List of birds is integral to Nepal meeting its Convention on Biological Diversity commitments. It also helps ZSL to raise awareness about the status of Nepal’s avifauna and serve as a planning tool for the Government of Nepal to prioritize its conservation efforts at the national level.
ZSL has been leading Nepal’s National Red List initiative in collaboration with its partner the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation since 2009. The successful launch of the Red List of Mammals of Nepal led to focussed efforts to prioritize conservation of Nepal’s threatened mammals.
Over 875 bird species have been recorded in Nepal, which is 8% of the world’s known birds. The compiling and assessing of the status off all these species represents a huge achievement for the National Red List Programme.
Data on the birds’ records dating back to 17th century has been collected and compiled to make the species account. A comprehensive bibliography of the birds’ record from Nepal is included.
Using the most up-to-date field information for Nepal bird species, the National Red List assessments have been carried out in accordance with the IUCN Regional Red List Categories and Criteria. Species assessed fall into one of the following categories: Least Concern, Near Threatened, Vulnerable, Endangered, Critically Endangered, Regionally Extinct, Extinct in the Wild, and Extinct. If there is not enough information to assess the status of a species it is listed as Data Deficient. Species that fall into threatened categories (Vulnerable, Endangered, and Critically Endangered) are identified by quantitative and qualitative criteria based on the rates of decline, population size, and extent of distribution as well as information on the impact of threat.
- Click the links below to download the National Red List of Nepal’s Birds
ZSL National Red List of Nepal's Birds Volume 1 (13.14 MB) – Introduction, Summary Statistics, Galliformes, Anserifores, Podicipediformes, Ciconiiformes, Pelicaniformes, Falconiformes
ZSL National Red List of Nepal’s Birds Volume 2 (14.03 MB) – Gruiformes, Charadriiformes, Columbiformes, Psittaciformes, Cuculiformes, Strigiformes
ZSL National Red List of Nepal's Birds Volume 3 (13.42 MB) – Caprimulgiformes, Apodiformes, Trogoniformes, Coraciiformes, Piciformes, Passeriformes
ZSL National Red List of Nepal's Birds Volume 4 (14.56 MB) – Passerines cont.
ZSL National Red List of Nepal's Birds Volume 5 (9.88 MB) – Passerines cont.
ZSL National Red List of Nepal's Birds Volume 6 (13.26 MB) – Passerines cont., Appendices