SMART (Spatial Monitoring and Reporting Tool)

KWS SMART training group photograph

The SMART approach has been developed in response to the recognition that traditional tools, technologies and resources are not stemming the illegal killing and trading of endangered species and the resulting loss of threatened and highly valued biodiversity. There are several reasons why our best efforts to date have not yet been able to meet this challenge. A critical issue is the growing gap between the sophistication of those involved in the illegal capture and trade in wildlife, and the number, skill levels and motivation of the personnel committed to enforcing anti-poaching laws. The SMART Partnership was formed to help bridge this gap. Its combination of software, training materials and implementation standards provides protected area authorities and community groups with the ability to empower staff, boost motivation, increase efficiency, and promote credible and transparent monitoring of the effectiveness of anti-poaching efforts.

The SMART Partnership was formally launched in early 2011, with the first meeting of the six founding members of the SMART Partnership: CITES-MIKE, the Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS), the North Carolina Zoo (NCZ), Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), World Wildlife Fund (WWF), and the Zoological Society of London (ZSL).

To download the SMART software and access all SMART resources visit:

Why we are there

SMART is being used across 120 demo sites around the globe. SMART is being rolled out at ZSL sites in Indonesia, Thailand, Kenya and Cameroon. 

Key Achievements and Goals of SMART Partnership

  • 120 demo sites in 27 countries worldwide
  • National governments have adopted SMART as a standard:
    • Colombia: adopted SMART across ~50 PAs for 2014
    • Thailand: training for use across 35 PAs
  • Launched public release and 3 subsequent releases addressing feedback
  • Translated in multiple different languages
  • Created and translated training materials
  • Training workshops in Africa, Asia, Latin America
  • National-level government interest
  • Created a 10-year business and governance plan
  • Freely available to conservation community
  • Vision of an ongoing and expanding collaboration
  • Ultimately expected to support a comprehensive range of field conservation applications


Project information

People involved

  • Paul de Ornellas, Africa Programme Manager 
  • Sophie Maxwell, Conservation Technology Unit 
  • Craig Bruce, Central, East and South Africa Programme Manager


  • WWF
  • Frankfurt Zoological Society
  • Wildlife Conservation Society
  • North Carolina Zoo

News and blog links

Additional Material