Sumatran Tiger breeding programmes

Jae Jae, a Sumatran Tiger, at ZSL London Zoo.

The Sumatran tiger is classified as Critically Endangered with approximately 300 individuals left in the wild. Their numbers are declining due to habitat loss, poaching and human-tiger conflict.

The captive population provides an opportunity for research and training for field vets and scientists, raises awareness of their wild cousins and helps generates funds for in situ work. It also provides an insurance population should a reintroduction be necessary at some point in the future. The global breeding programme unites five regional zoo associations: Europe, America, Australia, Japan and Indonesia, enabling the global captive population to be managed as effectively as possible, and there are currently 375 managed within this programmes. The Global Species Management Programme can also advise on handling conflict tigers, rehabilitation and release and other circumstances where humans and tigers interact.



Project information

Key species

Sumatran tiger– Critically Endangered 

People involved

Sarah Christie – GSMP Convenor

Malcolm Fitzpatrick – European Endangered Species Programme Coordinator

Jo Cook – European Endangered Species Programme Studbook Keeper