Creating a more diverse, inclusive, and global future for conservation: perspectives from early-career researchers

by ZSL on

Researchers at ZSL’s Institute of Zoology (IOZ) Lucy Archer and Heidi Ma discuss their recently published paper which discusses the steps researchers and practitioners could take on the road towards a more inclusive and fair conservation sector.

This paper was co-authored by Yara Shennan-Farpón, Helen Muller, Lizzie Jones, Rosa Gleave, Aline da Silva Cerqueira and Thalassa McMurdo Hamilton.

ladies talking


Inclusion and diversity = better conservation

The success of biodiversity conservation is fundamentally reliant on the inclusion and participation of diverse groups of people. However, as a sector we often fall short in encouraging multicultural values and voices in conservation decision-making and practice. As early career researchers in conservation science, our respective research and conservation projects all involve species and ecosystems that are intertwined with human societies, and we use a mixture of natural and social sciences to understand our study systems more holistically.

In an article published in the journal People and Nature, we reflect on conservation’s colonial past, and the power imbalances in the history of natural science research, and how they have left a long-lasting legacy of inequality which continues to shape conservation science and practice today. We then critically examine our own education and professional experiences across a range of countries and social contexts, and discuss the consequences of practicing conservation with limited understanding of conservation’s history or key theories from other fields. These consequences manifest themselves in unequal power dynamics, the dominance of Western scientific thinking and the disproportionate weight that privileged, and predominantly white, scientific and charitable institutions hold in conservation decision-making. 

people talking around a table
PhD student Helen Muller & local team conducting a focus group discussion with community members in Xharaxao
three smiling people
Working with local officials and community volunteers in Phuduhudu village to explore wellbeing impacts of the 2014-2019 hunting moratorium in Botswana.


How we got here

We embarked on this introspective journey, both individually and as a group of fellow scientists, when the Black Lives Matter movement gained momentum in mid-2020, prompting critical reflection of the systemic discrimination of disadvantaged groups across society. Although the issues highlighted by the movement were not new, it led us to think more deeply about our own awareness of ongoing injustices within our sector, and the role we play in perpetuating or countering them. We realised there were gaps in our knowledge, and that we lacked depth in our understanding of conservation’s history, and how it influences conservation and research today. Conservation’s colonial past has left a long-lasting legacy of inequality, such as the dominance of institutions and knowledge systems from the global north, which in turn raises barriers to representation and participation in conservation decision-making for many. 


Interviews in Jiangxi Province
PhD student Rosa Gleave and local volunteer research assistants carry out interviews at a village in Jiangxi Province, China, to collect local ecological knowledge on the Blue-crowned Laughingthrush.


How can we make conservation fairer in future?

To catalyse proactive changes in this sector, we offer ideas for other researchers and practitioners, especially those at the start of their careers, to find ways to improve, change the conversations we have and promoting greater self-reflection on the impacts of our work. We hope to encourage other early-career researchers to seek a better understanding of the history and ethical components of our work, explore key theories from other disciplines, and engage with diverse knowledge systems.

We realised that few places exist to discuss these issues, and knowing where to begin can be a challenge, especially when literature on these topics often exists in other disciplines. Our own research interests and the growing acknowledgement of the importance of human dimensions in conservation—led to the formation of ‘Fairer Conservation Futures’, an online platform to share ideas, experiences, and resources that we have found useful.

people with conservation tech
ZSL Philippines staff and local community members work together to share knowledge and co-develop monitoring protocols for the Philippine pangolin in northern Palawan, Philippines.

Together, we hope to foster interdisciplinary approaches and improve conservation outcomes by incorporating social, cultural, economic, and political aspects into conservation research and practice. Ultimately, we envision a future where people from any backgrounds thrive as an integrated conservation community, feel valued and supported, and can contribute their unique experiences into working towards the common goal of protecting nature.

Follow us on Twitter for more news and updates.  

Select a blog

Careers at ZSL

Our people are our greatest asset and we realise our vision for a world where wildlife thrives through their ideas, skills and passion. An inspired, informed and empowered community of people work, study and volunteer together at ZSL.

Nature at the heart of global decision making

At ZSL, a key area of our work is the employment of Nature-based Solutions – an approach which both adapt to and mitigates the impacts of climate change. These Solutions, which include habitat protection and restoration, are low-cost yet high-impact, and provide multiple benefits to people and wildlife. We ensure that biodiversity recovery is at the heart of nature-based solutions. 

ZSL London Zoo

A blog for lovers of ZSL London Zoo, bringing you extraordinary animal facts and exclusive access to the world's oldest scientific zoo.

ZSL Whipsnade Zoo

Do you love wildlife? Discover more about our amazing animals at the UK's biggest zoo!


We're working around the world to conserve animals and their habitats, find out more about our latest achievements.


From the field to the lab, catch up with the scientists on the cutting edge of conservation biology at ZSL’s Institute of Zoology.


A day in Discovery and Learning at ZSL is never dull! The team tell us all about the exciting sessions for school children, as well as work further afield.

Artefact of the month

Every month, one of the pieces held in ZSL’s Library and at ZSL Whipsnade Zoo will feature here as Artefact of the Month.

Wild About

Read testimonials from our Members and extracts from ZSL's award winning members' magazine, Wild About.

Asia Conservation Programme

ZSL works across Asia, from the famous national parks of Nepal to marine protected areas in the Philippines. Read the latest updates on our conservation.

Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation

An Open Access journal for research at the interface of remote sensing, ecology and conservation.