West African elephant

African elephant

Populations of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in West Africa range across 13 countires, including: Benin, Burkina-Faso, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.

Historically they would have been found in high numbers across the region but sadly the elephants of West Africa were amongst the first on the continent to suffer heavy losses as a result of demand for ivory in the early colonial period. 

The main threats to the remaining elephant populations in this region are illegal poaching for ivory alongside habitat loss and fragmentation (caused by ongoing human population expansion and rapid land conversion) and associated conflict with people. The total population has been estimated at less than 8,000 individuals across the whole of West Africa (http://www.elephantdatabase.org/).


Elephant conservation in the WAP complex