Population in the wild
Between 40,000 to 50,000
IUCN status
Scientific name
Elephas maximus
India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia and Southern China
Forests and grasslands

Asian elephants are in decline

They currently number between 40,000-50,000 but their numbers are reducing

Asian elephant facts

  • Asian elephants are more closely related to the extinct woolly mammoth than to the African elephant.
  • The elephant’s tusks are elongated teeth (upper incisors) and tend to be larger in Asian bull elephants than in the African.
  • The four grinding teeth (molars) wear out and are replaced by new teeth from the back of the jaws; the Asian elephant gets through six sets of teeth during its lifetime.
Asian elephants eating

What do Asian elephants eat?

Vegetation, fruit, twigs, small branches, bark and roots.

Asian elephants crossing a river

Where do Asian elephants live? 

India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia and Southern China.

Asian elephant threats

Habitat loss, degradation, fragmentation and poaching.