Professor at Institute of Zoology
Area of work
Understanding extinction processes, historical baselines, local ecological knowledge, threatened mammals, conservation in China
Bringing Threatened Species Back from the Brink
Co-existence between wildlife and people
Global Biodiversity Monitoring
Contact details

Institute of Zoology
Zoological Society of London
Regent's Park

Google Scholar

Samuel Turvey's work focuses on using evidence-based conservation to guide recovery of some of the world’s most threatened species.

Samuel's work also investigates how different types of data can contribute unique insights for conservation – especially for species that are so rare they cannot be studied easily with standard ecological techniques. This research addresses biodiversity conservation in China and on fragile island ecosystems (Caribbean, south-east Asia), and aims to provide baselines for conserving ‘neglected’ threatened species such as solenodons, hutias and giant salamanders.

He is involved both with targeted species-specific research and with projects that aim to understand wider patterns of conservation prioritisation within social-ecological ‘biocultural’ systems. He also utilises environmental archives (subfossil, zooarchaeological and historical records) to guide best-practice restoration of locally extinct species and degraded habitats. Samuel's goal is to identify optimal approaches for biodiversity recovery, and to identify ‘win-win’ solutions that can allow threatened species and people to coexist in a human world.

Professional history
  • 2018-present: Professor, Institute of Zoology.
  • 2013-2018: Senior Research Fellow, Institute of Zoology.
  • 2009-2014: Royal Society University Research Fellowship, Institute of Zoology.
  • 2006-2009: NERC Postdoctoral Research Fellowship, Institute of Zoology.
  • 2004-2006: Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship, Institute of Zoology.
  • 2002-2003: Royal Society Banks Alecto Postdoctoral Fellowship, University of Canterbury, New Zealand.
  • 1998-2002: NERC/CASE D.Phil student, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford.
  • 1995-1998: BA (Hons), Biological Sciences, University of Oxford.
Professional accreditations/qualifications
  • Winner of the Linnean Medal (Zoology), 2019
  • Conservation Chair, IUCN SSC Small Mammal Specialist Group
  • IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group: Section on Small Apes
  • IUCN SSC Cetacean Specialist Group
  • IUCN SSC Pigeon and Dove Specialist Group



Turvey ST (Ed.) 2009. Holocene Extinctions. Oxford University Press.
Turvey ST. 2008. Witness to Extinction: How We Failed to Save the Yangtze River Dolphin. Oxford University Press.



Ma H, Zhang D, Wang Y, Zhang L, Xiao L, Thompson C, Chen J, Dowell SD, Axmacher JC, Lü Z, Turvey ST. 2022. Integrating biodiversity conservation and local community perspectives in China through human dimensions research. People and Nature, in press.

Wang Y, Turvey ST, Leader-Williams N. 2022. Global biodiversity conservation requires Traditional Chinese Medicine trade to be sustainable and well-regulated. Global Change Biology, in press.
Campbell E … Turvey ST et al. 2022. Challenges and priorities for river cetacean conservation. Endangered Species Research, in press.

Ghanbari S, Turvey ST. 2022. Local ecological knowledge provides novel evidence on threats and declines for the Caucasian grouse (Lyrurus mlokosiewiczi) in Arasbaran Biosphere Reserve, Iran. People and Nature

Griffith P, Lang JW, Turvey ST, Gumbs R. 2022. Using functional traits to identify conservation priorities for the world’s crocodylians. Functional Ecology

Turvey ST, Ma H, Zhou T, Teng T, Yu C, Archer LJ, Rao X, Dowell SD, Liang W, Liu H. 2022. Local ecological knowledge and regional sighting histories of Hainan peacock-pheasant (Polyplectron katsumatae): pessimism or optimism for a threatened island endemic? Bird Conservation International

Lin M, Turvey ST, Han C, Huang X, Mazaris AD, Liu M, Ma H, Yang Z, Tang X, Li S. 2022. Functional extinction of dugongs in China. Royal Society Open Science 9: 211994.

Zou Y, Turvey ST, Cui J, Zhang H, Gong W. 2022. Recent recovery of the world’s rarest primate is not directly linked to increasing habitat quality. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 10: 953637.

Hansford JP, Turvey ST. 2022. Dietary isotopes of Madagascar’s extinct megafauna reveal Holocene browsing and grazing guilds. Biology Letters 18: 20220094.

Marsh CJ … Turvey ST et al. 2022. Expert range maps of global mammal distributions harmonised to three taxonomic authorities. Journal of Biogeography 49: 979-992. 

Ma H, Papworth SK, Qian J, Turvey ST. 2022. The medium over the message: differential knowledge of conservation outreach activities and implications for threatened species. Journal of Environmental Management 310: 114716.

Mogensen LMW, Mei Z, Hao Y, Harrison XA, Wang D, Turvey ST. 2022. Precautionary principle or evidence-based conservation? Assessing the information content of threat data for the Yangtze finless porpoise. Frontiers in Marine Science 8: 791484.

Qian J, Mills M, Ma H, Turvey ST. 2022. Assessing the effectiveness of public awareness-raising initiatives for the Hainan gibbon Nomascus hainanus. Oryx 56: 249-259.

Turvey ST. 2022. Cultural memory of recent extinctions: a Chinese perspective. In Bienvenue V, Chare T (Eds.) Animals, Plants and Afterimages: The Art and Science of Representing Extinction. Berghahn Books.


Archer LJ, Turvey ST, Apale CM, Corona DB, Amada RL, Papworth SK. 2021. Digging deeper: understanding the illegal trade and local use of pangolins in Palawan Province, Philippines. Frontiers in Conservation Science 2: 746366.

Godfrey LR … Turvey ST et al. 2021. Teasing apart impacts of human activity and regional drought on Madagascar’s large vertebrate fauna: insights from new excavations at Tsimanampesotse and Antsirafaly. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 9: 742203.

Jones LP, Turvey ST, Papworth SK. 2021. Is there evidence of shifting baseline syndrome in environmental managers? An assessment using perceptions of bird population targets in UK nature reserves. Journal of Environmental Management 297: 113308.

Ma H, Papworth SK, Ge T, Wu X, Yu C, Zhang H, Turvey ST. 2021. Local awareness and interpretations of species extinction in a rural Chinese biodiversity hotspot. Frontiers in Conservation Science 2: 689561.

Kennerley RJ, Lacher TE Jr, Hudson MA, Long B, McCay SD, Roach NS, Turvey ST, Young RP. 2021. Global patterns of extinction risk and conservation needs for Rodentia and Eulipotyphla. Diversity and Distributions 27: 1792-1806.

Lacher TE Jr, Kennerley R, Long B, McCay S, Roach NS, Turvey ST, Young R. 2021. Support for rodent ecology and conservation to advance zoonosis research. Conservation Biology 35: 1061-1062.

Hansford JP, Lister AM, Weston EM, Turvey ST. 2021. Simultaneous extinction of Madagascar’s megaherbivores correlates with late Holocene human-caused landscape transformation. Quaternary Science Reviews 263: 106996.

Mei Z, Han Y, Turvey ST, Liu J, Wang Z, Nabi G, Chen M, Lei P, Hao Y, Wang K, Barlow J, Wang D. 2021. Mitigating the effect of shipping on freshwater megafauna: the case study of the Yangtze finless porpoise. Biological Conservation 257: 109132.

Dufuorq E, Durbach I, Hansford JP, Hoepfner A, Ma H, Bryant JV, Stender CS, Li W, Liu Z, Chen Q, Zhou Z, Turvey ST. 2021. Automated detection of Hainan gibbon calls for passive acoustic monitoring. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation 7: 475-487.

Mistretta BA, Giovas CM, Weksler C, Turvey ST. 2021. Extinct insular oryzomyine rice rats (Rodentia: Sigmodontinae) from the Grenada Bank, southern Caribbean. Zootaxa 4951: 434-460.

Wang Y, Leader-Williams N, Turvey ST. 2021. Exploitation histories of pangolins and endemic pheasants on Hainan Island, China: baselines and shifting social norms. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 9: 608057.

Turvey ST, Duncan C, Upham NS, Harrison X, Dávalos LM. 2021. Where the wild things were: intrinsic and extrinsic extinction predictors in the world’s most depleted mammal fauna. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 288: 20202905.

Tapley B, Turvey ST, Chen S, Wei G, Xie F, Yang J, Liang Z, Tian H, Wu M, Okada S, Wang J, Lü J, Zhou F, Xu J, Zhao H, Redbond J, Brown T, Cunningham AA. 2021. Range-wide decline of Chinese giant salamanders Andrias spp. from suitable habitat. Oryx 55: 373-381.

Turvey ST, Chen S, Tapley B, Liang Z, Wei G, Yang J, Wang J, Wu M, Redbond J, Brown T, Cunningham AA. 2021. From dirty to delicacy? Changing exploitation in China threatens the world’s largest amphibians. People and Nature 3: 446-456.

Duncan C, Böhm M, Turvey ST. 2021. Identifying the possibilities and pitfalls of conducting IUCN Red List assessments from remotely sensed habitat information based on insights from poorly known Cuban mammals. Conservation Biology 35: 1598-1614.

Turvey ST, Sathe V, Crees JJ, Jukar AM, Chakraborty P, Lister AM. 2021. Late Quaternary megafaunal extinctions in India: how much do we know? Quaternary Science Reviews 252: 106740.

Zhang L, Turvey ST, Chapman C, Fan P. 2021. Effects of protected areas on survival of threatened gibbons in China. Conservation Biology 35: 1288-1298.

Woods R, Barnes I, Brace S, Turvey ST. 2021. Ancient DNA suggests single colonisation and within-archipelago diversification of Caribbean caviomorph rodents. Molecular Biology and Evolution 38: 84-95.


Archer L, Papworth SK, Apale CM, Corona DB, Gacilos JT, Amada RL, Waterman C, Turvey ST. 2020. Scaling up local ecological knowledge to prioritise areas for protection: determining Philippine pangolin distribution, status and threats. Global Ecology and Conservation 24: e01395.

Jones LP, Turvey ST, Massimino D, Papworth SK. 2020. Investigating the implications of shifting baseline syndrome on conservation. People and Nature 2: 1131-1144.

Wang Y, Turvey ST, Leader-Williams N. 2020. Knowledge and attitudes about the use of pangolin scale products in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) within China. People and Nature 2: 903-912.

Kanagavel A, Parvathy S, Tapley B, Nirmal N, Selvaraj G, Raghavan R, Murray C, Owen N, Turvey ST. 2020. Are local and traditional ecological knowledge suitable tools for informing the conservation of threatened amphibians in a biodiversity hotspot? Herpetological Bulletin 153: 3-13.

Andermann T, Faurby S, Turvey ST, Antonelli A, Silvestro D. 2020. The past and future human impact on mammalian diversity. Science Advances 6: eabb2313.

Woods R, Turvey ST, Brace S, McCabe CV, Dalén L, Rayfield EJ, Brown MJF, Barnes I. 2020. Rapid size change associated with intra-island evolutionary radiation in extinct Caribbean “island-shrews”. BMC Evolutionary Biology 20: 106.

Norris K, Terry A, Hansford JP, Turvey ST. 2020. Biodiversity conservation and the earth system: mind the gap. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 35: P919-P926.

Hansford JP, Wright PC, Pérez VR, Muldoon KM, Turvey ST, Godfrey LR. 2020. Evidence for early human arrival in Madagascar is robust: a response to Mitchell. Journal of Island & Coastal Archaeology 15: 596-602.

Liu H, Ma H, Cheyne SM, Turvey ST. 2020. Recovery hopes for the world’s rarest primate. Science 368: 1074.

Zhang H, Wang C, Turvey ST, Sun Z, Tan Z, Yang Q, Long W, Wu X, Yang D. 2020. Thermal infrared imaging from drones can detect individuals and nocturnal behavior of the world’s rarest primate. Global Ecology and Conservation 23: e01101.

Turvey ST, Kennerley RJ, Hudson MA, Nuñez-Miño JM, Young RP. 2020. Assessing congruence of opportunistic records and systematic surveys for predicting Hispaniolan mammal species distributions. Ecology and Evolution 10: 5056-5068.

Zhang L, Guan Z, Fei H, Yan L, Turvey ST, Fan P. 2020. Influence of traditional ecological knowledge on conservation of the skywalker hoolock gibbon (Hoolock tianxing) outside nature reserves. Biological Conservation 241: 108267.

Dewhurst-Richman NI, Jones JPG, Northridge S, Brook S, Freeman R, Jepson P, Mahood SP, Turvey ST. 2020. Fishing for the facts: drivers and levels of river dolphin bycatch in a freshwater artisanal fishery in Bangladesh. Animal Conservation 23: 160-170.


Hu Y, Luo Z, Chapman CA, Pimm SL, Turvey ST, Lawes MJ, Peres CA, Lee TM, Fan P. 2019. Regional scientific research benefits threatened species conservation. National Science Review 6: 1076-1079.

Casewell NR … Turvey ST. 2019. Solenodon genome reveals convergent evolution of venom in eulipotyphlan mammals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 116: 25745-25755.

Turvey ST, Saupe EE. 2019. Insights from the past: unique opportunity or foreign country? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 374: 20190208.

Bennett DJ, Sutton MD, Turvey ST. 2019. How the past impacts the future: modelling the performance of evolutionarily distinct mammals through time. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 374: 20190210.

Crees JJ, Collen B, Turvey ST. 2019. Bias, incompleteness, and the “known unknowns” in the Holocene faunal record. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 374: 20190216.

Turvey ST, Walsh C, Hansford JP, Crees JJ, Bielby J, Duncan C, Hu K, Hudson MA. 2019. Complementarity, completeness and quality of long-term faunal archives in an Asian biodiversity hotspot. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 374: 20190217.

Rodrigues ASL, Monsarrat S, Charpentier A, Brooks TM, Hoffmann M, Reeves R, Palomares MLD, Turvey ST. 2019. Unshifting the baseline: a framework for documenting historical population changes and assessing long-term anthropogenic impacts. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 374: 20190220.

Kiessling W, Raja NB, Roden VJ, Turvey ST, Saupe E. 2019. Addressing priority questions of conservation science with palaeontological data. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 374: 20190222.

Turvey ST, Crees JJ. 2019. Extinction in the Anthropocene. Current Biology 29: R982-R986.

Turvey ST, Marr MM, Barnes I, Brace S, Tapley B, Murphy RW, Zhao E, Cunningham AA. 2019. Historical museum collections clarify the evolutionary history of cryptic species radiation in the world’s largest amphibians. Ecology and Evolution 9: 10070-10084.

Cress JJ, Turvey ST, Freeman R, Carbone C. 2019. Mammalian tolerance to humans is predicted by body mass: evidence from long-term archives. Ecology 100: e02783.

Kennerley RJ, Nicoll MAC, Butler SJ, Young RP, Nuñez-Miño JM, Brocca JL, Turvey ST. 2019. Home range and habitat data for Hispaniolan mammals challenge assumptions for conservation management. Global Ecology and Conservation 18: e00640.

Lin M, Xing L, Fang L, Huang S, Yao C, Turvey ST, Gozlan RE, Li S. 2019. Can local ecological knowledge provide meaningful information on coastal cetacean diversity? A case study from the northern South China Sea. Ocean and Coastal Management 172: 117-127.

Liu M, Lin M, Turvey ST, Li S. 2019. Fishers’ experience and perceptions of marine mammals in the South China Sea: insights for improving community-based conservation. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 29: 809-819.

Mei Z, Han Y, Dong L, Turvey ST, Hao Y, Wang K, Wang D. 2019. The impact of fisheries management practices on the survival of the Yangtze finless porpoise in China. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 29: 639-646.

Morgan GS, MacPhee RDE, Woods R, Turvey ST. 2019. Late Quaternary fossil mammals from the Cayman Islands, West Indies. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 428: 1-79.

Kennerley RJ, Nicoll MAC, Young RP, Turvey ST, Nuñez-Miño JM, Brocca JL, Butler SJ. 2019. The impact of habitat quality inside protected areas on distribution of the Dominican Republic’s last endemic non-volant land mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 100: 45-54.

Papworth S, Thomas RL, Turvey ST. 2019. Increased dispositional optimism in conservation professionals. Biodiversity and Conservation 28: 401-414.


Woods R, Turvey ST, Brace S, MacPhee RDE, Barnes I. 2018. Ancient DNA of the extinct Jamaican monkey Xenothrix reveals extreme insular change within a morphologically conservative primate radiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 115: 12769-12774.

Hansford JP, Turvey ST. 2018. Unexpected diversity within the extinct elephant birds (Aves: Aepyornithidae) and a new identity for the world’s largest bird. Royal Society Open Science 5: 181295.

Hansford J, Wright PC, Rasoamiaramanana A, Pérez VR, Godfrey LR, Errickson D, Thompson T, Turvey ST. 2018. Early Holocene human presence on Madagascar evidenced by exploitation of avian megafauna. Science Advances 4: eaat6925.

Turvey ST, Bruun K, Ortiz A, Hansford J, Hu S, Ding Y, Zhang T, Chatterjee HJ. 2018. New genus of extinct Holocene gibbon associated with humans in Imperial China. Science 360: 1346-1349.

Turvey ST, Bryant JV, McClune KA. 2018. Differential loss of components of traditional ecological knowledge following a primate extinction event. Royal Society Open Science 5: 172352.

Nash HC, Wirdateti, Low GW, Choo SW, Chong JL, Semiadi G, Hari R, Sulaiman MH, Turvey ST, Evans TA, Rheindt FE. 2018. Conservation genomics reveals possible illegal trade routes and admixture across pangolin lineages in Southeast Asia. Conservation Genetics 19: 1083-1095.

Turvey ST, Chen S, Tapley B, Wei G, Xie F, Yan F, Yang J, Liang Z, Tian H, Wu M, Okada S, Wang J, Lü J, Zhou F, Papworth SK, Redbond J, Brown T, Che J, Cunningham AA. 2018. Imminent extinction in the wild of the world’s largest amphibian. Current Biology 28: R592-594.

Yan F, Lü J, Zhang B, Yuan Z, Zhao H, Huang S, Wei G, Mi X, Zou D, Xu W, Chen S, Wang J, Xie F, Wu M, Xiao H, Liang Z, Jin J, Wu S, Tapley B, Turvey ST, Papenfuss TJ, Cunningham AA, Murphy RW, Zhang Y, Che J. 2018. The Chinese giant salamander exemplifies the hidden extinction of cryptic species. Current Biology 28: R590-592.

Bennett DJ, Sutton MD, Turvey ST. 2018. Quantifying the living fossil concept. Palaeontologia Electronica 21.1.14A.

Chen S, Cunningham AA, Wei G, Yang J, Liang Z, Wang J, Wu M, Yan F, Xiao H, Harrison XA, Pettorelli N, Turvey ST. 2018. Determining threatened species distributions in the face of limited data: spatial conservation prioritization for the Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus). Ecology and Evolution 8: 3098-3108.

Wang X, Jutapruet S, Huang S, Turvey ST, Wu F, Zhu Q. 2018. External injuries of Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins (Sousa chinensis) in Xiamen, China, and its adjacent waters as an indicator of potential fishery interactions. Aquatic Mammals 44: 285-292.

Turvey ST. 2018. Solenodons (Solenodontidae). In Wilson DE, Mittermeier RA (Eds.) Handbook of the Mammals of the World, Volume 8: Insectivores, Sloths and Colugos. Lynx Edicions.

Young RP, Copsey JA, Turvey ST. 2018. Documenting change on islands: measuring and diagnosing species decline. In Copsey JA, Black SA, Groombridge JJ, Jones CG (Eds.) Species Conservation: Lessons from Islands. Cambridge University Press.

Groombridge JJ, Green S, Turvey ST. 2018. Evolution on islands: peculiarities and implications for species conservation. In Copsey JA, Black SA, Groombridge JJ, Jones CG (Eds.) Species Conservation: Lessons from Islands. Cambridge University Press.

Turvey ST. 2018. Mammal extinction risk and conservation: patterns, threats and management. In Zachos FE, Asher RJ (Eds.) Handbook of Zoology: Mammalia: Mammalian Evolution, Diversity and Systematics. De Gruyter.


Turvey ST, Crees JJ, Li Z, Bielby J, Yuan J. 2017. Long-term archives reveal shifting extinction selectivity in China’s postglacial mammal fauna. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 284: 20171979.

Turvey ST, Barnes I, Marr M, Brace S. 2017. Imperial trophy or island relict? A new extinction paradigm for Père David’s deer: a Chinese conservation icon. Royal Society Open Science 4: 171096.

Turvey ST, Crees JJ, Hansford J, Jeffree TE, Crumpton N, Kurniawan I, Setiyabudi E, Guillerme T, Paranggarimu U, Dosseto A, van den Bergh GD. 2017. Quaternary vertebrate faunas from Sumba, Indonesia: implications for Wallacean biogeography and evolution. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 284: 20171278.

Benton MJ, Briggs DEG, Clack JA, Edwards D, Galway-Witham J, Stringer CB, Turvey ST. 2017. Russia-UK collaboration in palaeontology: past, present, and future. Paleontological Journal 51: 576-599.

Cooke SB, Dávalos LM, Mychajliw AM, Turvey ST, Upham NS. 2017. Anthropogenic extinction dominates Holocene declines of West Indian mammals. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 48: 301-327.

Turvey ST, Kennerley RJ, Nuñez-Miño JM, Young RP. 2017. The Last Survivors: current status and conservation of the non-volant land mammals of the insular Caribbean. Journal of Mammalogy 98: 918-936.

Turvey ST, Almonte J, Hansford J, Scofield RP, Brocca JL, Chapman SD. 2017. A new species of extinct Late Quaternary giant tortoise from Hispaniola. Zootaxa 4277: 1-16.

Fan P, He K, Chen X, Ortiz A, Zhang B, Zhao C, Li Y, Zhang H, Kimock C, Wang W, Groves C, Turvey ST, Roos C, Helgen KM, Jiang X. 2017. Description of a new species of Hoolock gibbon (Primates: Hylobatidae) based on integrative taxonomy. American Journal of Primatology 79: e22631.

Bennett DJ, Sutton MD, Turvey ST. 2017. treeman: an R package for efficient and intuitive manipulation of phylogenetic trees. BMC Research Notes 10: 30.

Węcek K … Turvey ST et al. 2017. Complex admixture preceded and followed the extinction of wisent in the wild. Molecular Biology and Evolution 34: 598-612.

Bennett DJ, Sutton MD, Turvey ST. 2017. Evolutionarily distinct “living fossils” require both lower speciation and lower extinction rates. Paleobiology 43: 34-48.

Bryant JV, Zeng X, Hong X, Chatterjee HJ, Turvey ST. 2017. Spatiotemporal requirements of the Hainan gibbon: does home range constrain recovery of the world’s rarest ape? American Journal of Primatology 79: e22617.

Turvey ST, Bryant JV, Duncan C, Wong MHG, Guan Z, Fei H, Ma C, Hong X, Nash HC, Chan BPL, Yang X, Fan P. 2017. How many remnant gibbon populations are left on Hainan? Testing the use of local ecological knowledge to detect cryptic threatened primates. American Journal of Primatology 79: e22593.

Liu M, Lin M, Turvey ST, Li S. 2017. Fishers’ knowledge as an information source to investigate by-catch of marine mammals in the South China Sea. Animal Conservation 20: 182-192.

Lacher T, Young R, Turvey ST, Kennerley R, Roach N. 2017. Priorities for conserving the world’s rodents. In Wilson DE, Mittermeier RA (Eds.) Handbook of the Mammals of the World, Volume 7: Rodents II. Lynx Edicions.


Bryant JV, Brulé A, Wong MHG, Hong X, Zhou Z, Han W, Jeffree TE, Turvey ST. 2016. Detection of a new Hainan gibbon (Nomascus hainanus) group using acoustic call playback. International Journal of Primatology 37: 534-547.

Brace S, Thomas J, Dalen L, Burger J, MacPhee RDE, Barnes I, Turvey ST. 2016. Evolutionary history of the Nesophontidae, the last unplaced Recent mammal family. Molecular Biology and Evolution 33: 3095-3103.

Bryant JV, Gottelli D, Zeng X, Hong X, Chan BPL, Fellowes JR, Zhang Y, Luo J, Durrant C, Geissmann T, Chatterjee HJ, Turvey ST. 2016. Assessing current genetic status of the Hainan gibbon using historical and demographic baselines: implications for conservation management of species of extreme rarity. Molecular Ecology 25: 3540-3556.

Crees JJ, Collins AC, Stephenson PJ, Meredith HMR, Young RP, Howe C, Stanley Price M, Turvey ST. 2016. A comparative approach to assess drivers of success in mammalian conservation recovery programs. Conservation Biology 30: 694-705.

Turvey ST, Hansford J, Brace S, Mullin V, Gu S, Sun G. 2016. Holocene range collapse of giant muntjacs and pseudo-endemism in the Annamite large mammal fauna. Journal of Biogeography 43: 2250-2260.

Crees JJ, Carbone C, Sommer RS, Benecke N, Turvey ST. 2016. Millennial-scale faunal record reveals differential resilience of European large mammals to human impacts across the Holocene. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 283: 20152152.

Pan Y, Wei G, Cunningham AA, Li S, Chen S, Milner-Gulland EJ, Turvey ST. 2016. Using local ecological knowledge to assess the status of the Chinese giant salamander Andrias davidianus in Guizhou Province, China. Oryx 50: 257-264.

Cunningham AA, Turvey ST, Zhou F, Meredith HMR, Guan W, Liu X, Sun C, Wang Z, Wu M. 2016. Development of the Chinese giant salamander Andrias davidianus farming industry in Shaanxi Province, China: conservation threats and opportunities. Oryx 50: 265-273.

Nash HC, Wong MHG, Turvey ST. 2016. Determining status and threats of the Critically Endangered Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) in Hainan, China, using local ecological knowledge. Biological Conservation 196: 189-195.

Turvey ST, Peters S, Brace S, Young RP, Crumpton N, Hansford J, Nuñez-Miño JM, King G, Tsalikidis K, Ottenwalder JA, Timpson A, Funk SM, Brocca JL, Thomas MG, Barnes I. 2016. Independent evolutionary histories in allopatric populations of a threatened Caribbean land mammal. Diversity and Distributions 22: 589-602.

Wang X, Wu F, Turvey ST, Rosso M, Zhao L, Zhu Q. 2016. Seasonal group characteristics and occurrence patterns of Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins (Sousa chinensis) in Xiamen Bay, Fujian Province, China. Journal of Mammalogy 97: 1026-1032.


Bryant JV, Olson VA, Chatterjee HJ, Turvey ST. 2015. Identifying environmental versus phylogenetic correlates of behavioural ecology in gibbons: implications for conservation management of the world’s rarest ape. BMC Evolutionary Biology 15: 171.

Turvey ST, Crees JJ, Di Fonzo MMI. 2015. Historical data as a baseline for conservation: reconstructing long-term faunal extinction dynamics in Late Imperial–modern China. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 282: 20151299.

Wang X, Wu F, Turvey ST, Rosso M, Tao C, Ding X, Zhu Q. 2015. Social organization and distribution patterns inform conservation management of a threatened Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin population. Journal of Mammalogy 96: 964-971.

Pettorelli N, Duncan C, Owen HJF, Turvey ST. 2015. Spatial autocorrelation and congruence in the distribution of language and mammal richness: a reply to Cardillo et al. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 282: 20150591.

Tapley B, Okada S, Redbond J, Turvey ST, Chen S, Lü J, Wei G, Wu M, Pan Y, Niu K, Cunningham AA. 2015. Failure to detect the Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus) in Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve, Guizhou Province, China. Salamandra 51: 206-208.

Turvey ST, Hansford J, Kennerley RJ, Nuñez-Miño JM, Brocca JL, Young RP. 2015. A new subspecies of hutia (Plagiodontia, Capromyidae, Rodentia) from southern Hispaniola. Zootaxa 3957: 201-214.

Brace S, Turvey ST, Weksler M, Hoogland MLP, Barnes I. 2015. Unexpected evolutionary diversity in a recently extinct Caribbean mammal radiation. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 282: 20142371.

Crees JJ, Turvey ST. 2015. What constitutes a ‘native’ species? Insights from the Quaternary faunal record. Biological Conservation 186: 143-148.

Alter SE, Meyer M, Post K, Czechowski P, Gravlund P, Gaines C, Rosenbaum HC, Kaschner K, Turvey ST, van der Plicht J, Shapiro B, Hofreiter M. 2015. Climate impacts on trans-ocean dispersal and habitat in gray whales from the Pleistocene to 2100. Molecular Ecology 24: 1510-1522.

Welker F … Turvey ST et al. 2015. Ancient proteins resolve the evolutionary history of Darwin’s South American ungulates. Nature 522: 81-84.

Nunes LA, Turvey ST, Rosindell J. 2015. The price of conserving avian phylogenetic diversity: a global prioritization approach. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 370: 20140004.

Turvey ST, Trung CT, Quyet VD, Nhu HV, Thoai DV, Tuan VCA, Hoa DT, Kacha K, Sysomphone T, Wallate S, Hai CTT, Thanh NV, Wilkinson NM. 2015. Interview-based sighting histories can inform regional conservation prioritization for highly threatened cryptic species. Journal of Applied Ecology 52: 422-433.


Turvey ST, Pettorelli N. 2014. Spatial congruence in language and species richness but not threat in the world’s top linguistic hotspot. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 218: 20141644.

Richman NI, Gibbons JM, Turvey ST, Akamatsu T, Ahmed B, Mahabub E, Smith BD, Jones JPG. 2014. To see or not to see: investigating detectability of Ganges River dolphins using a combined visual-acoustic survey. PLoS ONE 9: e96811.

Brace S, Barnes I, Kitchener AC, Serjeantson D, Turvey ST. 2014. Late Holocene range collapse in a former British seabird species. Journal of Biogeography 41: 1583-1589.

Crees JJ, Turvey ST. 2014. Holocene extinction dynamics of Equus hydruntinus, a late-surviving European megafaunal mammal. Quaternary Science Reviews 91: 16-29.

Turvey ST, Fernández-Secades C, Nuñez-Miño JM, Hart T, Martinez P, Brocca JL, Young RP. 2014. Is local ecological knowledge a useful conservation tool for small mammals in a Caribbean multicultural landscape? Biological Conservation 169: 189-197.


Randau M, Carbone C, Turvey ST. 2013. Canine evolution in sabretoothed carnivores: natural selection or sexual selection? PLoS ONE 8: e72868.

Turvey ST, Tong H, Stuart AJ, Lister AM. 2013. Holocene survival of Late Pleistocene megafauna in China: a critical review of the evidence. Quaternary Science Reviews 76: 156-166.

Leonard SA, Risley CL, Turvey ST. 2013. Could brown bears (Ursus arctos) have survived in Ireland during the Last Glacial Maximum? Biology Letters 9: 20130281.

Olson VA, Turvey ST. 2013. The evolution of sexual dimorphism in New Zealand giant moa (Dinornis) and other ratites. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 280: 20130401.

Zhao X, Wang D, Turvey ST, Taylor B, Akamatsu T. 2013. Distribution patterns of Yangtze finless porpoises in the Yangtze River: implications for reserve management. Animal Conservation 16: 509-518.

Turvey ST, Risley CL, Moore JE, Barrett LA, Hao Y, Zhao X, Zhou K, Wang D. 2013. Can local ecological knowledge be used to assess status and extinction drivers in a threatened freshwater cetacean? Biological Conservation 157: 352-360.

Turvey ST. 2013. Extinction and the Tree of Life. In MacLeod N (Ed.) Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia: Extinction. Gale/Cengage.


Hansford J, Nuñez-Miño JM, Young RP, Brace S, Brocca JL, Turvey ST. 2012. Taxonomy-testing and the ‘Goldilocks Hypothesis’: morphometric analysis of species diversity in living and extinct Hispaniolan hutias. Systematics and Biodiversity 10: 491-507.

Chatterjee HJ, Tse JSY, Turvey ST. 2012. Using Ecological Niche Modelling to predict spatial and temporal distribution patterns in Chinese gibbons. Folia Primatologica 83: 85-99.

Turvey ST, Brace S, Weksler M. 2012. A new species of recently extinct rice rat (Megalomys) from Barbados. Mammalian Biology 77: 404-413.

Mei Z, Huang S, Hao Y, Turvey ST, Gong W, Wang D. 2012. Accelerating population decline of Yangtze finless porpoise (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis asiaeorientalis). Biological Conservation 153: 192-200.

Turvey ST, Risley CL, Barrett LA, Hao Y, Wang D. 2012. River dolphins can act as population trend indicators in degraded freshwater systems. PLoS ONE 7: e37902.

Huang S, Hao Y, Mei Z, Turvey ST, Wang D. 2012. Common pattern of population decline for freshwater cetacean species in deteriorating habitats. Freshwater Ecology 57: 1266-1276.

Brace S, Barnes I, Powell A, Pearson R, Woolaver LG, Thomas MG, Turvey ST. 2012. Population history of the Hispaniolan hutia Plagiodontia aedium (Rodentia: Capromyidae): testing the model of ancient differentiation on a geotectonically complex Caribbean island. Molecular Ecology 21: 2239-2253.

Dávalos LM, Turvey ST. 2012. West Indian mammals: the old, the new, and the recently extinct. In Patterson BD, Costa LP (Eds.) Bones, Clones, and Biomes: The History and Geography of Recent Neotropical Mammals. Chicago University Press.


Collen B, Turvey ST, Waterman C, Meredith HMR, Kuhn T, Baillie JEM, Isaac NJB. 2011. Investing in evolutionary history: implementing a phylogenetic approach for mammal conservation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 366: 2611-2622.

Turvey ST, Fritz SA. 2011. The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 366: 2564-2576.

McInnes L … Turvey ST et al. 2011. Integrating ecology into macroevolutionary research. Biology Letters 7: 644-646.
Turvey ST, Blackburn TM. 2011. Determinants of species abundance in the Quaternary vertebrate fossil record. Paleobiology 37: 537-546.

Cooke S, Rosenberger AL, Turvey ST. 2011. An extinct monkey from Haiti and the origins of the Greater Antillean primates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 108: 2699-2704.

Carbone C, Turvey ST, Bielby J. 2011. Intra-guild competition and its implications for one of the biggest terrestrial predators, Tyrannosaurus rex. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278: 2682-2690.


Turvey ST, Weksler M, Morris EL, Nokkert M. 2010. Taxonomy, phylogeny and diversity of the extinct Lesser Antillean rice rats (Sigmodontinae: Oryzomyini), with description of a new genus and species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 160: 748-772.

Turvey ST. 2010. Evolution of non-homologous venom delivery systems in West Indian insectivores? Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 30: 1294-1299.

Turvey ST. 2010. A new historical record of macaws on Jamaica. Archives of Natural History 37: 348-351.

Turvey ST, Barrett LA, Hart T, Collen B, Hao Y, Zhang L, Zhang X, Wang X, Huang Y, Zhou K, Wang D. 2010. Spatial and temporal extinction dynamics in a freshwater cetacean. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 277: 3139-3147.

Turvey ST, Barrett LA, Hao Y, Zhang L, Zhang X, Wang X, Huang Y, Zhou K, Hart T, Wang D. 2010. Rapidly shifting baselines in Yangtze fishing communities and local memory of extinct species. Conservation Biology 24: 778-787.

Turvey ST. 2010. Failure of the baiji recovery programme: conservation lessons for other endangered freshwater cetaceans. In Ruiz M, Shostell JM (Eds.) Biology, Evolution and Conservation of River Dolphins within South America and Asia. Nova Science.

Baillie JEM, Turvey ST, Waterman C. 2009. Survival of Attenborough’s long-beaked echidna (Zaglossus attenboroughi) in New Guinea. Oryx 43: 146-148.

Zhao X, Barlow J, Taylor BL, Pitman RL, Wang K, Wei Z, Stewart BS, Turvey ST, Akamatsu T, Reeves RR, Wang D. 2008. Abundance and conservation status of the Yangtze finless porpoise in the Yangtze River, China. Biological Conservation 141: 3006-3018.

Turvey ST, Meredith HMR, Scofield RP. 2008. Continued survival of Hispaniolan solenodon (Solenodon paradoxus) in Haiti. Oryx 42: 611-614.

Turvey ST, Cheke AS. 2008. Dead as a dodo: the fortuitous rise to fame of an extinction icon. Historical Biology 20: 149-163.

Rowcliffe M, Field J, Turvey ST, Carbone C. 2008. Estimating animal density using camera traps without the need for individual recognition. Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 1228-1236. 

Li S, Akamatsu T, Wang D, Wang K, Dong S, Zhao X, Wei Z, Zhang X, Taylor B, Barrett LA, Turvey ST, Reeves RR, Stewart BS, Richlen M, Brandon JR. 2008. Indirect evidence of boat avoidance behavior of Yangtze finless porpoises. Bioacoustics 17: 174-176.

Turvey ST, Pitman RL, Taylor BL, Barlow J, Akamatsu T, Barrett LA, Zhao X, Reeves RR, Stewart BS, Pusser LT, Wang K, Wei Z, Zhang X, Richlen M, Brandon JR, Wang D. 2007. First human-caused extinction of a cetacean species? Biology Letters 3: 537-540.

Isaac NJB, Turvey ST, Collen B, Waterman C, Baillie JEM. 2007. Mammals on the EDGE: conservation priorities based on threat and phylogeny. PLoS ONE 2: e296.

Turvey ST, Oliver JR, Narganes Storde Y, Rye P. 2007. Late Holocene extinction of Puerto Rican native land mammals. Biology Letters 3: 193-196.

Turvey ST, Grady FV, Rye P. 2006. A new genus and species of ‘giant hutia’ (Tainotherium valei) from the Quaternary of Puerto Rico: an extinct arboreal quadruped? Journal of Zoology 270: 585-594.

Turvey ST, Risley CL. 2006. Modelling the extinction of Steller’s sea cow. Biology Letters 2: 94-97.

Turvey ST, Green OR, Holdaway RN. 2005. Cortical growth marks reveal extended juvenile development in New Zealand moa. Nature 435: 940-943.

Turvey ST, Holdaway RN. 2005. Postnatal ontogeny, population structure and extinction of the giant moa Dinornis. Journal of Morphology 265: 70-86.