Amur tiger

Naya the Amur tiger at ZSL Whipsnade Zoo

Species: Amur tiger.

Latin name: Panthera tigris altaica

What they look like: Featuring the distinctive orange and black stripes, the Amur tiger is the largest of the subspecies of tiger. Due to its habitat it has a long coat of fur and a large ruff around its jawline.

Animal facts:

  • Amur tigers are the largest of the world’s big cats, as well as the heaviest.
  • Amur tigers live alone in the wild and use scent marking to keep other tigers away.
  • Female tigers will have litters of between two and six cubs.
  • Amur tigers are thought to be the palest tiger subspecies and can reach up to 250kg and three metres in length! 
  • By the 1940s, fewer than 40 Amur tigers were thought to remain in the wild. The Amur subspecies was saved from extinction when Russia became the first country in the world to grant its resident tigers full conservation protection. 

What they eat: Amur tigers are meat eaters, often found hunting deer, wild pigs, moose, hares and other animals that live in their habitat.

Habitat: Originating from Russia, northern China and Korea, the Amur tiger lives among dense forest and mountains. These parts of the world experience long winters so the species can often be found against a back drop of deep snow.

Where they live: Russia, China and Korea.

Estimated numbers: Amur tigers are Endangered in the wild, and it's estimated that there's around 540 in the wild. 

Threats: Hunting and deforestation.
 

ZSL's conservation work with the Amur tiger

We're working to protect Amur tigers in the wild, using camera traps to track poaching on tigers, and through building relationships with people to increase the awareness of protecting these fantastic animals.

Discover more about ZSL's work with Amur tigers

Conservation Status
Endangered
Population
Stable
Order
Carnivora
Family
Felidae