Warthog

Scientific name 
Phacochoerus africanus
Warthog

What they look like: These wild pigs have four sharp tusks, two upper that are large and curved and two lower and sharper that they use to dig up roots and bulbs. They have sparse hair in patchy tufts but are largely bald. Both males and females have ‘warts’ that are protective bumps on their faces giving them their name. Males have bigger ‘warts’ to cushion blows during fights with other males.

Animal facts:

  • They use natural holes or those left by aardvarks to hide in. Going in backwards ensures that their tusks are first out to defend themselves.
  • When times are tough they can go up to several months without water; however they preferably spend the majority of their time grazing and wallowing in mud to relieve themselves from the constant irritation of insects. Often birds will help them with this battle sitting on their backs and feeding off.

What they eat: Grasses, roots, fruits, bulbs and carrion

Habitat: Grassy plains and open woodland

Where they live: Southern Africa

Threats: They are hunted for food by humans, crocodiles and big cats. They can jump over two metres into the air trying to avoid danger.

Population
Stable
Order
CETARTIODACTYLA
Family
SUIDAE
Life span
15 years
Conservation Status
Least Concern