Puff Adder

Scientific name 
Bitis arietans
Puff Adder square image

What they look like

These large and heavy snakes are exceptionally well camouflaged in their surroundings. Depending on region they come in variable sand coloured formations that display in chevron-like patterns running from their large triangle heads down their muscular bodies.

Animal facts

Probably the most widespread snake in Africa, it is also the deadliest, causing more fatalities than any other snake in Africa. These masters of camouflage grow to about a metre in length and have long fangs capable of injecting large amounts of potent venom into their victims. Unlike most snakes that disappear unseen when they sense a potential threat, puff adders will stand their ground and hiss loudly and they are not afraid to bite!

What they eat

Small mammals (especially rodents), birds and reptiles


Mainly found in savannas but anywhere, apart from extreme desert

Where they live

Widespread across sub-Saharan Africa


Habitat loss due to agricultural  cultivating and traditional medicine

Life span
13 years