Scientific name 
lama glama
Tiggy the llama at ZSL London Zoo

What they look like

Relatively large and intimidating mammals, llamas have long necks and aggressive protruding lower incisors. Their coat patterns vary in colour and their thick wool is perfect for warm fleece They have padded feet that allow them to graze areas without doing too much damage.

Animal facts

Llamas are more often found working as domestic livestock than in the wild. They’re adapted to survive in high altitude environments as their oval red blood cells and high haemoglobin bloodstream equips them to live in areas with low oxygen levels. As highly sociable animals, they live in groups of up to 20 and will even adopt sheep into the pack. Due to their vocal and physical nature these groups can be loud and rowdy.

What they eat

grasses, shrubs and most types of vegetation they come in contact with. Like many animals that live in dry areas they get most of their moisture from food.


Andean highland plateaus covered in low vegetation

Where they live

South America: Argentina, Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia and Peru


Coyotes, mountain lions and other big cats

Life span
20 years