Artefact December 2013 & January 2014

We are featuring `penguins' as our seasonal `artefact' during the two months of December 2013 and January 2014.

The first live penguin at ZSL London Zoo, or indeed the first at a UK zoo, was a King Penguin from the Falkland Islands. The penguin arrived in 1865. According to the annual report for that year it was `skillfully conveyed to this country by Commander Fenwick, of H.M.S. 'Harrier'...this strange looking bird attracted universal attention'. In the V&A's collections there is a wonderful cartoon by Ernest Griset of the penguin surrounded by artists trying to depict this unusual creature. The cartoon is reproduced in Lionel Lambourne's book Ernest Griset : fantasies of a Victorian illustrator.

Two penguins in a drawing John Gould, 1848
The birds of Australia, John Gould, 1848

Other species of penguin arriving at ZSL London Zoo in the nineteenth century were rock hopper penguin in 1873 and then gentoo penguin in 1874. These were followed by jackass in 1882, blue in 1887 and yellow-crested in 1891.

One of the oldest books in ZSL Library is Belon's L'histoire nature des oyseaux, 1555. Although it does not include an image of a penguin our copy has a later image of penguin from 1769 stuck into the book!

References

Ernest Griset : fantasies of a Victorian illustrator / Lionel Lambourne, London : Thames & Hudson, 1979
Penguin / Stephen Martin, London : Reaktion Books, 2009.
Report of the Council of the Zoological Society of London, 1866, p. 20 
ZSL Archives

These historic books form part of the `special collections' in ZSL Library, you are welcome to visit and consult/view them but an appointment is necessary Library Regulations for Special Collections (96.46 KB) Please email library@zsl.org or telephone 020 447 6293 to make an appointment.

Many resources are available in ZSL Library and no appointment is necessary to use these, however if you are a ZSL member please bring your membership card. Non-members will need proof of address and photographic ID if you are not already a member of ZSL.

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Fairy penguin by John Gould 1848
Fairy penguin by John Gould 1848