Habitats & Adaptations

In Habitats and Adaptations students will explore how animals are perfectly suited to living in their environments. Through hands-on activities, they will explore the adaptations of different species and will discover how closely-related species differ due to the habitat they've evolved to live in. Upper Key Stage Two students will also consider variation and inheritance in order to understand how these adaptations occur over many generations.

Many objects from the natural world used in this session are loaned to us by HM Revenue and Customs.

Age: KS2 (7-11 years) Duration:  45 minutes Capacity: 35 students Location: Indoor 

A pygmy hippo at ZSL London Zoo

Intended learning outcomes:

Lower KS2

Pupils will be able to:

  • Name and describe, using appropriate language, a variety of animal habitats from across the world and some of the animals that live there.
  • Describe, using appropriate language, how animal adaptations are suited to the environment that they are found.
  • Outline some of the positive and negative impact humans can have on habitats
  • Feel empowered that that they are part of positive action to protect animals in the wild

Upper KS2

Pupils will be able to:

  • Describe, using appropriate language, how animal adaptations are suited to the environment that they are found.
  • Recognise that although all the members of a species share the same adaptations, there will still be variation between them.
  • Describe how this variation may, over time, enable animals becoming adapted to a new environment
  • Name this process as evolution

National Curriculum links:

KS2 Science Working Scientifically
  • Asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them
  • Reporting on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations
  • Using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings
Living things and their habitats
  • Identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited and describe how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different kinds of animals and plants, and how they depend on each other
  • Identify and name a variety of plants and animals in their habitats, including microhabitats
  • Recognise that environments can change and that this can sometimes pose dangers to living things
Evolution and Inheritance
  • Recognise that living things produce offspring of the same kind, but normally offspring vary and are not identical to their parents
  • Identify how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment in different ways and that adaptation may lead to evolution
KS2 English Spoken Language, Reading 
  • word reading, comprehension
  • Transcription, vocabulary

Additional Resources