Colour, Pattern and Camouflage

In Colour, Pattern and Camouflage, pupils will investigate real animal specimens to practice their descriptive skills and find out more about how colours and patterns can help animals survive in the Gir Forest of India. Using specific examples, the pupils will discuss how camouflage can help animals to catch their prey or avoid being eaten, and how some animals have bright colours to stand out as a warning, or to find their friends. 

Colour, Pattern, Camouflage at ZSL London Zoo


Age group:  Key Stage One (Years 1 and 2, Ages 5-7)

Duration: 45 minutes

Capacity: 35 pupils

Availabilty 10:30, 11:30 & 12:30 Mon-Fri during term time



Key stage one (National Curriculum/Syllabus) links:

Lower key stage 1 (Years 1 and 2) programme of study (2014)

Working scientifically

  • observing closely, using simple equipment
  • identifying and classifying
  • using their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions

Year 1 programme of study (2014)

Animals, including humans

Pupils should be taught to:

  • identify and name a variety of common animals including fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals
  • describe and compare the structure of a variety of common animals (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals including pets)

Year 2 programme of study (2014)

Living things and their habitats

Pupils should be taught to:

  • identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited
  • identify and name a variety of plants and animals in their habitats, including microhabitats
  • describe how animals obtain their food from plants and other animals, using the idea of a simple food chain

KS1 English

  • Use spoken language to develop understanding through speculating, hypothesising, imagining and exploring ideas


Intended learning outcomes:


Pupils will be able to:

  • name animals of different colours and/or patterns from the Gir Forest habitat (some of which they will be able to see in the Land of the Lions exhibit)
  • explain why some animals use camouflage and some animals stand out with bright colours
  • demonstrate their understanding of camouflage by selecting the correct habitat for a range of animals with varied colours and/or patterns


Additional Resources