Lake Oku clawed frog

Scientific name 
Xenopus longipes
Female Lake Oku Clawed Frog

What it looks like: The Lake Oku clawed frog is a small frog and grows to an average length of 30mm. They are brown in colour, with speckled bellies and the toes on its back feet feature claws at the ends.

Animal facts:

  • This species is entirely aquatic and do not leave the water.
  • Developed extra chromosomes throughout their evolution, having 12 sets.
  • The species are native to one small crater lake in Caemroon.

Where they live: Lake Oku, northwest Cameroon in Africa.

Habitat: Mesotrophic freshwater lake surrounded by mountain rainforest.

Threats: Primary threats include stochastic events, given the small area they occupy. Risk of introduction of predatory fish species in Lake Oku and habitat degradation around the lake.

ZSL’s conservation work: ZSL London Zoo was the first place in the world to breed the species in 2014, allowing keepers to gain crucial insights not only into the requirements of the adult frogs but also their tadpoles. Prior to breeding at ZSL, none of this had ever been seen in zoos or the wild. Now that the reproductive biology is known we can feed this information into conservation management of the species in Cameroon. The knowledge gained from our captive breeding has been widely disseminated and could be used to establish conservation breeding programmes in Cameroon should Lake Oku frog populations crash in the lake. 


Conservation Status
Critically Endangered