Dr. Monika Böhm
Postdoctoral Research Assistant
- 2009: Postdoctoral Research Assistant, Sampled Red List Index, Indicators & Assessments Unit.
- 2003-2007: PhD Environmental Science, Environment Department, University of York.
- 2003: Research Assistant (Wildlife Ecology, Management & Disease), Environment Department, University of York.
- 2001-2002: MRes Ecology & Environmental Management, University of York.
- 1997-2001: BSc Zoology, University of Aberdeen.
Current Research and Interests
Much of my work focuses on the Sampled Red List Index (SRLI), which is derived from the IUCN Red List Index and aids the measurement of general trends in the extinction risk of large numbers of taxonomic groups, which are broadly representative of global biodiversity. This approach enables us to assess global patterns in extinction risk and threats to biodiversity. The SRLI also allows us to compare extinction risk of lesser-known taxa to that faced by well-studied taxa such as birds and mammals. Some of the questions I am hoping to address are: which taxa are most threatened; where can we find areas of high threat levels to resident biodiversity; what are the major threats which biodiversity is facing (both globally and on a more local scale).
In addition to this, I am currently working towards establishing trends over time for those species groups which have already gone through a first round of assessments for the SRLI. This involves backcasting assessments to a specific point in the past or forecasting to the future, and we are investigating a number of different approaches to determine past and future extinction risk status of species, in particular focusing on reptiles.
I am also currently involved in a number of other projects, specifically the National Red LIst project hosted by ZSL (check out www.nationalredlist.org for more information), which tries to push forward the development of National Red LIsts for conservation planning, and climate change vulnerability assessments for reptiles as well as investigating the threat of climate change in more detail with our partners at the IUCN. Other interest involve the way in whcih we transfer technology and knowledge for biodiversity conservation, capacity building and public engagement about conservation issues and science.
My previous work focussed on wildlife management issues in the UK, with a particular emphasis on wildlife disease. I am particularly interested in estimating rates of direct and indirect interactions between wildlife hosts and livestock in the field, which in turn determine the rate for inter-specific disease transmission. Since many pathogens are able to infect multiple host species, complex reservoir host systems can comprise more than one species. As a result, the potential for a disease to invade and persist within a host community greatly depends on the degree of those inter-specific interactions which can lead to disease transmission. In reality, however, true rates of both intra- and inter-specific interaction are often not known, due to the difficulty of studying contacts under field conditions.
I have previously employed contact data logger collars to remotely monitor of direct contacts between badgers and cattle on pasture. This is of particular interest with regard to the spread of bovine tuberculosis between the two species, as the badger is believed to be the main wildlife host for the disease in the UK. I have also been involved in work on the potential role that wild deer could play as reservoir hosts for disease in British livestock. In those cases were wildlife acts as a host of zoonotic disease, many of these issues are also of considerable importance to human health.
Böhm, M. & Collen, B. (2015) Toward equality of biodiversity knowledge through technology transfer. Conservation Biology in review.
Richman, N.I., Böhm, M., Adams, S.B., Alvarez, F., Bergey, E.A., Bunn, J.J.S., Burnham, Q., Cordeiro, J., Coughran, J., Crandall, K.A., Dawkins, K.L., DiStefano, R.J., Doran, N.E., Edsman, L., Eversole, A.G., Füreder, L., Furse, J.M., Gherardi, F., Hamr, P., Holdich, D.M., Horwitz, P., Johnston, K., Jones, C.M., Jones, J.P.G., Jones, R.L., Jones, T.G., Kawai, T., Lawler, S., López-Mejía, M., Miller, R.M., Pedraza-Lara, C., Reynolds, J.D., Richardson, A.M.M., Schultz, M.B., Schuster, G.A., Sibley, P.J., Souty-Grosset, C., Taylor, C.A., Thoma, R.F., Walls, J., Walsh, T.S. & Collen, B. (2015) Multiple drivers of decline in the global status of freshwater crayfish (Decapoda: Astacidea). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2014.0060.
Scharf, I., Feldman, A., Novosolov, M., Pincheira-Donoso, D., Das, I., Böhm, M., Uetz, P., Torres-Carvajal, O., Bauer, A., Roll, U. & Meiri, S. (2014) Late bloomers and baby boomers: ecological drivers of longevity in squamates and the tuatara. Global Ecology and Biogeography, DOI: 10.1111/geb.12244.
Collen, B., Whitton, F., Dyer, E.E., Baillie, J.E.M., Cumberlidge, N., Darwall, W.R.T., Pollock, C., Richman, N.I., Soulsby, A.-M. & Böhm, M. (2013) Global patterns of freshwater species diversity, threat and endemism. Global Ecology and BiogeographyDOI: 10.1111/geb.12096
Böhm, M., Collen, B., Baillie, J.E.M., Bowles, P., Chanson, J., Cox, N., Hammerson, G., Hoffmann, M., Livingstone, S.R., Ram, M., Rhodin, A.G.J., Stuart, S.N., van Dijk, P.P., Young, B., Afuang, L.E., Aghasyan, A., Aguayo, A.G., Aguilar, C., Ajtic, R., Akarsu, F., Alencar, L.R.V., Allison, A., Ananjeva, N., Anderson, S., Andren, C., Ariano-Sanchez, D., Arredondo, J.C., Auliya, M., Austin, C.C., Avci, A., Baker,.P.J., Barreto-Lima, A.F., Barrio-Amoros, C.L., Basu, D., Bates, M.F., Batistella, A., Bauer, A., Bennett, D., Böhme, W., Broadley, D., Brown, R., Burgess, J., Captain, A., Carreira, S., Castaneda, M.R., Castro, F., Catenazzi, A., Cedeno-Vazquez, J.R., Chapple, D., Cheylan, M., Cisneros-Heredia , D.F., Cogalniceanu, D., Cogger, H., Corti, C., Costa, G.C., Couper, P.J., Courtney, T., Crnobrnja-Isailovic, J., Crochet, P.-A., Crother, B., Cruz, F., Daltry, J., Daniels, R.J.R., Das, I., de Silva, A., Diesmos, A.C., Dirksen, L., Doan, T.M., Dodd, K., Doody, J.S., Dorcas, M.E., Duarte de Barros Filho, J., Egan, V.T., El Mouden, E.H., Embert, D., Espinoza, R.E., Fallabrino, A., Feng, X., Feng, Z.-J., Fitzgerald, L., Flores-Villela, O., Franca, F.G.R., Frost, D., Gadsden, H., Gamble, T., Ganesh, S.R., Garcia, M.A., Garcia-Perez, J.E., Gatus, J., Gaulke, M., Geniez, P., Georges, A., Gerlach, J., Goldberg, S., Gonzalez, J.-C.T., Gower, D.J., Grant, T., Greenbaum, E., Grieco, C., Guo, P., Hamilton, A.M., Hare, K., Hedges, S.B., Heideman, N., Hilton-Taylor, C., Hitchmough, R., Hollingsworth, B., Hutchinson, M., Ineich, I., Iverson, J., Jaksic, F.M., Jenkins, R., Joger, U., Jose, R., Kaska, Y., Kaya, U., Keogh, J.S., Köhler, G., Kuchling, G., Kumlutas, Y., Kwet, A., La Marca, E., Lamar, W., Lane, A., Lardner, B., Latta, C., Latta, G., Lau, M., Lavin, P., Lawson, D., LeBreton, M., Lehr, E., Limpus, D., Lipczynski, N., Lobo, A.S., Lopez-Luna, M.A., Luiselli, L., Lukoschek, V., Lundberg, M., Lymberakis, P., Macey, R., Magnusson, W.E., Mahler, D.L., Malhotra, A., Mariaux, J., Maritz, B., Marques, O.A.V., Marquez, R., Martins, M., Masterson, G., Mateo, J.A., Mathew, R., Mathews, N., Mayer, G., McCranie, J.R., Measey, G.J., Mendoza-Quijano, F., Menegon, M., Metrailler, S., Milton, D.A., Montgomery, C., Morato, S.A.A., Mott, T., Munoz-Alonso, A., Murphy, J., Nguyen, T.Q., Nilson, G., Nogueira, C., Núñez, H., Orlov, N., Ota, H., Ottenwalder, J., Papenfuss, T., Pasachnik, S., Passos, P., Pauwels, O.S.G., Pérez-Buitrago, N., Pérez-Mellado, V., Pianka, E.R., Pleguezuelos, J., Pollock, C., Ponce-Campos, P., Powell, R., Pupin, F., Quintero Díaz, G.E., Radder, R., Ramer, J., A.R., R., Rasmussen, A.R., Raxworthy, C., Reynolds, R., Richman, N., Rico, E.L., Riservato, E., Rivas, G., Rocha, P.L.B., Rödel, M.-O., Rodríguez Schettino, L., Roosenburg, Ross, J.P., W.M., Sadek, R., Sanders, K., Santos-Barrera, G., Schleich, H.H., Schmidt, B.R., Schmitz, A., Sharifi, M., Shea, G., Shi, H., Shine, R., Sindaco, R., Slimani, T., Somaweera, R., Spawls, S., Stafford , P., Stuebing, R., Sweet, S., Sy, E., Temple, H., Tognelli, M.F., Tolley, K., Tolson, P.J., Tuniyev, B., Tuniyev, S., Üzüm, N., van Buurt, G., Van Sluys, M., Velasco, A., Vences, M., Veselý, M., Vinke, S., Vinke, T., Vogel, G., Vogrin, M., Vogt, R.C., Wearn, O.R., Werner, Y.L., Whiting, M.J., Wiewandt, T., Wilkinson , J., Wilson, B., Wren, S., Zamin, T., Zhou, K. & Zug, G. (2013) The conservation status of the world's reptiles. Biological Conservation, 157: 372–385.
McRae, L., Böhm, M., Deinet, S., Gill, M. & Collen, B. (2012) The Arctic Species Trend Index: using vertebrate population trends to monitor the health of a rapidly changing ecosystem. Biodiversity, 13: 144-156.
Collen, B. & Böhm, M. (2012) The growing availability of invertebrate extinction risk assessments – A response to Cardoso et al. (October 2011): Adapting the IUCN Red List criteria for invertebrates. Biological Conservation, 149: 145–146.
Hoffmann, M., Hilton-Taylor, C., Angulo, A., Böhm, M., Brooks, T.M., Butchart, S.H.M., Carpenter, K.E., Chanson, J., Collen, B., Cox, N.A., Darwall, W.R.T., Dulvy, N.K., Harrison, L.R., Katariya, V., Pollock, C.M., Quader, S., Richman, N.I., Rodrigues, A.S.L., Tognelli, M.F., Vié, J.-C., Aguiar, J.M., Allen, D.J., Allen, G.R., Amori, G., Ananjeva, N.B., Andreone, F., Andrew, P., Ortiz, A.L.A., Baillie, J.E.M. et al. (2010) The impact of conservation on the status of the world’s vertebrates.Science 330: 1503-1509.
Böhm, M., Hutchings, M.R. & White, P.C.L. (2009) Contact networks in a wildlife-livestock host community: identifying high-risk individuals in the transmission of bovine TB among badgers and cattle. PLOSone 4(4): e5016. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005016.
Böhm, M., Palphramand, K.L., Newton-Cross, G., Hutchings, M.R. & White, P.C.L. (2008) The spatial distribution of badgers, setts and latrines: the risk for intra-specific and badger-livestock disease transmission. Ecography 31: 525-537.
White, P.C.L., Böhm, M. & Hutchings, M.R. (2008) Control of bovine tuberculosis in British livestock: there is no ‘silver bullet’. Trends in Microbiology 16: 420-427.
Böhm, M., Palphramand, K.L., Newton-Cross, G., Hutchings, M.R. & White, P.C.L. (2008) Dynamic interactions among badgers: implications for sociality and disease transmission. Journal of Animal Ecology 77: 735-745.
Böhm, M., White, P.C.L., Hunter, J., Smith, L., Hutchings, M.R. (2007) Wild deer as a source of infection for livestock and humans in the UK. The Veterinary Journal 174: 260-276.
Böhm, M., White, P.C.L., Daniels, M.J., Allcroft, D.J. & Hutchings, M.R. (2006) The health of wild red and sika deer in Scotland: An analysis of key endoparasites and recommendations for monitoring disease. The Veterinary Journal 171: 287-294.
Böhm, M. & Mayhew, P.J. (2005) Historical biogeography and the evolution of the latitudinal gradient of species richness in the Papionini (Primata: Cercopithecidae).Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 85: 235-246.
White, P., Böhm, M. & Hutchings, M. (2013) Wildlife disease: an emerging problem. In: Introduction to Environmental Science: Earth and Man, Cresser M., Batty, L., Boxall, A. & Adams, C. (Eds.), pp. 284-314, Pearson Education Limited, Harlow, United Kingdom.
Hoffmann, M., Richman, N., McRae, L., Hilton-Taylor, C. & Böhm, M. (2010) Vertebrata: evolutionary history of vertebrates. In: Evolution Lost: status and trends of the world's vertebrates (edited by Baillie, J.E.M., Griffiths, J., Turvey, S.T., Loh, J. & Collen, B.), pp. 54-61. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom.
Cox, N., Böhm, M. & van Dijk, P.P. (2010) Reptilia: evolutionary history of reptiles. In: Evolution Lost: status and trends of the world's vertebrates (edited by Baillie, J.E.M., Griffiths, J., Turvey, S.T., Loh, J. & Collen, B.), pp. 54-61. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom.
Samways, M. & Böhm, M. (2010) Invertebrata: are vertebrates representative of animal biodiversity as a whole? In: Evolution Lost: status and trends of the world's vertebrates (edited by Baillie, J.E.M., Griffiths, J., Turvey, S.T., Loh, J. & Collen, B.), pp. 54-61. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom.
Collen, B., Böhm, M., Kemp, R. & Baillie, J.E.M. (Eds.) (2012) Spineless: status and trends of the world's vertebrates. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom.
Deinet, S., Böhm, M., Price, V., Duncan, C., Offord, S., McRae, L. & Collen, B. (2012) Wildlife Comeback in Europe: An overview of changes in abundance and distribution of selected wildlife species in Europe for the period 1960-2010. Final report submitted to the Rewilding Europe Initiative.
Eamer, J., Russell, D.E., McRae, L., Böhm, M., Deinet, S., Collen, B. & Gill, M.J. (2012) The Arctic Species Trend Index 2011: Update of the ASTI, an in-depth look at marine species, and development of spatial analysis techniques. CAFF Assessment Series No.9. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Iceland.
Böhm, M., McRae, L., Deinet, S., Gill, M. & Collen, B. (2012) The Arctic Species Trend Index - Tracking trends in Arctic vertebrate populations through space and time. CAFF Assessment Series No.8. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Iceland.
Böhm, M., & Collen, B. (2011) Rapid review of biodiversity technology transfer in the United Kingdom. Report to Defra for the Convention on Biological Diversity.
White, P.C.L., Smart J.C.R., Böhm, M., Langbein, J. & Ward, A.I. (2004) Economic impacts of wild deer in the East of England. A report for the Forestry Commission and English Nature .
Lutton, C., Böhm, M., Goodman, E., Ji, W., Hutchings, M., Delahay, R. & White, P. (2010) Contact rates between European badgers at different population densities: implications for disease transmission. 9th conference of the European Wildlife Disease Association. Vlieland, The Netherlands, September 2010.
Böhm, M., Dewhurst, N., Baillie, J. & Collen, B. (2010) Monitoring global biodiversity: the Sampled Red List Index (SRLI). The Future of Biodiversity, GfÖ 40th Anniversary Meeting. Giessen, Germany, August/September 2010.
Böhm, M., Hutchings, M.R. & White, P.C.L. (2007) Using data-logging devices to determine contact patterns among badgers and cattle. Ecology and Management of Wildlife Diseases. Central Science Laboratory, York, November 2007.
Böhm, M., Palphramand, K.L., Hutchings, M.R. & White, P.C.L. (2006) Dynamic interactions within and between badger (Meles meles) social groups. BES annual meeting. University of Oxford, September 2006.
Smart, J.C.R., White, P.C.L., Böhm, M., Ward, A.I. & Langbein, J. (2003) A method for estimating deer distribution and abundance from landscape characteristics and road traffic casualties. Mammal Society Symposium on Mammals and Roads. London, November 2003.