We’re settling into a routine on board now so deploying for the morning dive was somewhat slicker than yesterday’s attempt. Despite a couple of boats being out the water for running repairs and the distraction of a playful pod of dolphins en route we still plunged in for the days first dive well ahead of schedule. We could hear the dolphins whistles throughout our submersion but they’re really wary of divers and only ventured close enough to be visible on a couple of occasions. An invisible choir for our listening pleasure whilst working the reefs. The site we chose was a busy one, rich with corals and clouds of fish. From previous dives here we know that the place is prone to strong currents and this is evident in the abundance of anemones. They like to have the tentacles wafted by the moving water. With the anemones come the inevitable anemonefish. And special for this site, a large number of these beautiful little anemone symbionts are the endemic Chagos Anemonefish. These are not the only fish that provided a spectacle while we worked, a small snapper proved to be very tame and kept flitting from dive pair to dive pair for company. More to come on the marine side of things tomorrow.
For today I thought I’d ask Pete Carr to fill you in on the birding programme in a little more detail so here are a few words from him - Jon Slayer:
“Today presented the opportunity for me to introduce Loius to a different island in the Chagos and to show him some techniques for monitoring breeding seabirds. An early start saw us dropped on the beach. Fortunately there was no requirement to swim ashore. We then walked the circumference of the island counting the number of nesting Red-footed Booby using a standard technique called Apparently Occupied Nests (AONs). I am looking at trying to confirm the peak breeding period for this species in the Chagos (they nest throughout the calendar year) so I take AON a stage further and try to ascertain at what stage of the breeding cycle the birds are at, e.g. eggs, small chicks, large chick, etc. This is possible for many nests that are low down on trees, but does normally involve wading out in to the sea to look back at the shoreline! This expedition’s survey data will be combined with counts I have made at other times of the year to and unravel the breeding phenology of this species and, whether it is linked to any oceanographic events.
Louis witnessed first-hand some of the dangers and challenges facing seabirds, not only in the Chagos but throughout the world. The first example was of a small chick that had fallen from its nest on to the beach and was being devoured by crabs. Whilst sad and grisly this is a natural process. The distressing example of the challenges facing seabirds worldwide was of an adult Red-footed Booby hanging upside-down, dead in a tree. Despite there being no fishing in the Chagos Marine Protected Area, this bird had become tangled in monofilament fishing line, carried it back to its nesting/roosting tree where it became snagged and died, likely through exhaustion from trying to free itself.
Despite the challenges to the breeding seabirds, they are faring well in the Chagos. Today’s example of the importance of the Chagos for seabirds comes from the Red-footed Booby. Throughout the Indian Ocean breeding colonies of this species have declined or totally disappeared. Historically this was the case in the Chagos too but things are changing. In the first major survey of the breeding seabirds in 1996 the island Loius and I looked around today held no breeding Red-footed Booby. Today, thanks to some surviving magnificent Takamaka trees on the shoreline that provide a suitable nesting platform, this island had a minimum of 169 breeding pairs. Globally there are very few oceanic islands, atolls or archipelagos that can boast of increasing or recently increased breeding seabird numbers; the British Indian Ocean Territory can.
The Chagos Archipelago is a sanctuary for breeding seabirds in an ocean and world where seabirds are generally not faring well. Everything should be done to protect this breeding stock and where possible, facilitate an environment in which they can increase breeding numbers. With sympathetic shoreline habitat management that would increase native trees that seabirds prefer to breed in e.g. Takamaka, Pisonia and Barringtonia, coupled with an invasive mammal eradication programme, the British Indian Ocean Territory could be the Indian Ocean reservoir of seabirds to repopulate protected but impoverished islands elsewhere. Ecological improvement of oceanic islands is not a green dream; it is occurring worldwide and has already been achieved in other UK Overseas Territories. The time must surely be near where the will and the finances will become available to allow the ecologically devastated islands of this wonderful archipelago to be restored to something of their former glory.”
Select a blog
Every month one of the pieces held in ZSL’s Library and at ZSL Whipsnade Zoo will feature here as Artefact of the month.
Get the latest on ZSL's conservation work in Asia.
Find out more about life in our B.U.G.S exhibit
A new Open Access journal for research at the interface of remote sensing, ecology and conservation.
Excerpts from ZSL's award winning members' magazine.
A blog for lovers of ZSL London Zoo. Bringing you amazing animal facts and exclusive access to the world's scientific oldest zoo.
Discover more about the UK's biggest zoo with our fun blog posts!
Join the ZSL Discovery and Learning team as they venture out of the zoo and in to the wild.
Catch up on our latest Conservation Blogs
Follow the latest news on ZSL’s Arts & Culture projects at ZSL London and Whipsnade Zoos, and ZSL’s conservation work through the lens of the Arts.
ZSL Whipsnade Zoo's elephant keepers give an insight into the daily goings on in the elephant barn.
Read about conservation of tigers in Asia.
One man is boldly going where no other ZSL videographer has gone before - the land of Mountain Chicken Frogs.
From the field, to the lab, catch up with the scientists on the cutting edge of conservation biology at ZSL’s Institute of Zoology.
The Wildlife Wood Project has been working in Cameroon since 2007 to encourage better wildlife management in logging concessions.
Updates from penguin conservation expeditions to Antarctica
Amur leopard conservation blog
Meet ZSL Whipsnade Zoo's latest (and leggiest) arrival, a baby giraffe!
Follow the ZSL Biodiversity and Palm Oil team, based in Bogor, Indonesia.
The Chagos marine reserve, designated in 2010 and currently the world’s largest no take marine reserve, is a sought-after spot for marine research.
Follow ZSL conservationists studying desert baboons in Namibia.